Memento Mori

"All flesh is like grass and all its glory like the flower of grass. The grass withers, and the flower falls." 1 Peter 1:24

Death is the only certainty in life.  Death is inevitable; it is a reality that unites all living things.  But, in spite of this universality, the subject continues to remain taboo.  There is a human tendency to shy away from confronting our own mortality, to disengage, to seek refuge in distraction.  We can, instead, choose the opposite approach: we can engage with art and ideas that confront our own mortality headlong and, in doing so, perhaps heighten our appreciation of the present.  The theory and practice of reflecting on the shortness and fragility of human life has a long history in art and thought; it is referred to as memento mori (Latin: “remember that you must die”).  All of my artwork derives, in one way or another, from this idea.  

Memento mori art has historically had a spiritual element, often closely tied to medieval Christianity, and usually incorporates certain key iconographic elements, such as skulls, candles, meat, fruit, and flowers.  In my work, I broach the themes of memento mori from a more contemporary secular worldview, and with a visual aesthetic that is as much informed by the history of still life painting as it is by modern horror films.  Nearly all of the images on this website are centered around the idea of appropriating the iconography of classical memento mori art, but presenting these key visual elements in a more macabre and confrontational manner. 

Much of my work involves arrangements of dead animal organs.  Here I am in dialogue with the venerable artistic tradition of still life composition.  Indeed, all still life compositions include, to greater or lesser extent, a lament about the transience of all things.  While those old 17th century "golden age" Dutch paintings of flowers and fruit baskets can sometimes look quaint by contemporary standards, viewers at the time would have understood such works as a reminder that life, like the fruit and the flowers, will soon be gone.  My gallery Still approaches this idea in a straightforward way; this is a collection of grim still life arrangements, loosely styled in the tradition of vanitas paintings, which were meant to show the transience of life, the futility of pleasure, and the certainty of death.  These images often employ repeated visual metaphors that are common to the genre, such as the extinguished candle and the tipped cup (reminders of the fragility of life) in addition to rotting meat, flowers, and fruit (reminders of the persistence of time). My gallery Accord is a collection of portraiture that incorporates the same key elements of memento mori, while also inviting reflection upon our relationship with the products of the meat industry.  My gallery Inside again revisits these themes, this time from a more abstract perspective, by using extremely close up views of dead animal organs.

One of the most common and universally understood memento mori is the human skull.  My gallery Empire of Death is a collection of photographs of human skeletal remains, all shot in the Catacombs of Paris.  I tend to think of these images as portraiture of a sort; these are portraits of a person absent, of a life extinguished, of what remains when we are gone.  Part of what I find compelling about these images is that, even as they depict absence and death and decay, there is still a hint of the presence of life. This presence is felt, for example, in the graffiti tags that mark so many of the skulls -- these are memories not only of the tourists who drew these marks, but they also suggest the hustle and bustle of urban Paris, so many meters above The Catacombs.  Similarly, the tinges of green moss and mould that are visible in many images (especially those shot near light sources) are a sign of hope, a reminder that new life is possible, even in a place so marked by death and absence.

My gallery Dentata is a collection of close up photographs of human teeth.  This work revisits the idea of portraiture of the dead, this time from a more intimate and abstract perspective.   For these images I wanted to get up close and personal with all the little markers of scum and wear and decay; those tiny little details that might be invisible under normal viewing conditions and that mark the passage of time.